Cameroon is a country located in Central Africa in the Gulf of Guinea. The population of Cameroon in 2020 population was estimated at 26,545,863 people by mid-year according to UN data and its capital city is Yaounde. Cameroon uses the currency of the CEMAC Zone which is the (CFA Central African CFA Franc). This country which is Africa miniature is also largely characterized by agriculture and its Agricultural system, produces cotton cocoa, coffee, bananas, and oil-seeds. It has some of the most fertile lands in the world. Climate. Without much ado, let’s get to the top 10 things you didn’t know about Cameroon that will blow your mind.
The official languages spoken in Cameroon are English and French because Cameroon was colonized by Britain and France. However, there are still up to 230 other native languages that are spoken. Apart from this, one of the predominant language used on a daily basis by an average Cameroonian is Pidgin English. Isn’t it exciting? Cameroonian Pidgin English, is a form of broken English, is also very common in the regions of Cameroon especially in the Northwest and Southwest Provinces of Cameroon. The languages are divided into seven groups. Cameroon is home to at least 250 languages. However, some accounts report around 600 languages. These include 55 Afro-Asiatic languages, two Nilo-Saharan languages, four Ubangian languages, and 169 Niger-Congo languages
2. TOURISTIC SITES
Cameroon has one of three waterfalls in Africa that empties directly into the ocean, that is the LOBE WATERFALL in Kribi, in the South and it flows into the sea. Despite being the fact that Cameroon is a country with a huge multicultural heritage, Cameroon is home to one of the best virgin touristic sites in Africa which wow its visitors and some of, these falls are of great significance to the locals and is also a well-known tourist attraction for people visiting.
Cameroon is home to the highest peak in the sub-Saharan and central Africa.
Mount Cameroon is 14,435 feet (4,040meters) high and extends 14 miles (23km) from the Gulf of Guinea inland. It covers 14 miles inland and forms a boundary between Nigeria and Northern Cameroon. Mount Cameroun is among the largest volcanoes in Africa. It is still active with the last eruption occurring in 2012.
The Waza National Park is popular with both locals and tourists and is amongst the most visited places in the country. The park is located in the northern part of the country. Waza National Park contains over 30 species of mammals like hartebeest, waterbuck, Sudan cheetah, lions, and African bush elephants. The park is also home to 379 species of birds like great white pelican, ostrich, marbled duck, water birds, and more.The world’s rarest great ape, the Cross-River gorilla, lives in a few of the forests in this country. This ape was unknown to science till the early 20th century. In Cameroon, you’ll have the opportunity to see all the variety of flora and fauna available in tropical Africa. The country is home to over 409 species of mammals and 165 species of birds.
3. Cameroon’s climate
Could anyone in their wildest imagination ever guess Cameroon is home to one of the wettest places on planet earth? Well, now you are about to find out. In Cameroon, there is high rainfall every year here which makes it among the wettest places on earth. The sixth wettest place on earth is found in Cameroon in an area called Debundscha. The area receives 10,299 millimeters (405.5 in) of rainfall falling annually. of rainfall. The area has a short dry season as compared to its very long rainy season because it is close to Mount Cameroon and the equator. It is found at the foot of Mount Cameroon at its southwestern corner directly facing the south Atlantic ocean on the Cameroon coast.
4. Cameroon is very geographically and culturally diverse.
Cameroon is often called Africa in miniature, as well as the hinge of Africa due to its geographical location and cultural diversity. Cameroon, in West Africa, is a mixture of desert plains in the north, mountains in the central regions, and tropical rain forests in the south. Along its western border with Nigeria are mountains, which include the volcanic Cameroon Mountain—the highest point in West Africa at 13,451 feet (4,100 meters). You can find every climate and ecological system represented in this country. It is also linguistically diverse and full of culture.
The tropical rain forest in Cameroon is elevated between 4,000 and 8,000 feet which differs from that of the lowlands: the trees are smaller, are of different species, and are festooned with mosses and lichens. Above the rainforest, the zone is drier woodlands, tall grasslands, or patches of mountain bamboo then about 7,800 feet in the interior, and above about 10,000 feet on Mount Cameroon, short grasses predominate.
The dense forests of Cameroon are inhabited by Mandrils, screaming red and green monkeys, chimpanzees, including rodents, bats, and numerous birds from tiny birds to giant hawks and eagles. A few elephants survive in the forest and in the grassy woodlands, where baboons and several types of antelope are the most common animals. In the north, waza park which was originally created for the protection of elephants, giraffes, and antelope, abounds in both forest and savanna animals, including monkeys, baboons, lions, leopards, and birds that range from white and grey pelicans to spotted waders. To the south lies Dja Faunal Reserve, one of the best-protected rainforests in Africa and a reserve renowned for its biodiversity. In the late 1980s, the reserve was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Cameroon is the first country in Africa to make it to the quarter-finals of the FIFA world cup.
One thing Cameroon is famous for and Cameroonians are passionate about is Football (soccer). The Cameroonian national team is called the Indomitable Lions. This team is one of the greatest African teams in football/soccer and has birth to football legends like Samuel E’too, Roger Mila, Patrick Mboma, Stephen Tataw. They made it to the quarter-finals of the 1999 FIFA world cup. Here, their star player at the time, Roger Mila, scored two goals during the game. They played against the Colombian national team.
Apart from the Indomitable Lions football team which is the men football team, Cameroon is host to other teams such as the Female football team, FIBA, female basketball team
6. HISTORICAL SITES
Cameroon, initially called Kamerun, was a German colony before World War I. After Germany fell, Cameroon went to Britain and France. French Cameroon gained its independence on January 1, 1960. English Cameroon, also part of Nigeria, gained its independence on October 1, 1961, and joined French Cameroon. When English and French Cameroon unified to become the United Republic of Cameroon, they built the monument of Reunification to symbolize unity. The Monument of Reunification in the south West Region of Cameroon, Mankon Museum Foumban Royal Palace & Museum. Foumban, Cathedrale Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul, Monument de la Reunification. Yaounde, Bamenda Ring Road, the slave trade area in Bimba
7. CAMEROON’S FILM INDUSTRY
The Cameroon Film Industry includes French and English-language film making establishes with the aim to help create a vibrant film culture throughout the region. The English oriented part of the industry is known as CAMIFF and is the predominant section of the Film Industry in Cameroon in recent times. Movies such as A Good Time To Divorce by Nkanya Nkwai, The Fisherman’s Diary by Kang Quintus, Apple For Two, and Saving Mbango by Nkwanya Nkwai are but a few of the movies that are making waves in the industry. The industry has seen the rise of award-winning actors and actresses such as Ndamo Damaris, Onyama Laura, Faith Fidel,
Over the years, Cameroon has undergone a whole lot of changes which has come from every sector in the economy. In all these the technological aspect of the economy is not exempted from the picture, as the Country has seen the rise of developers who are creating platforms not only for Cameroonians but Africa and the world at large. A perfect aspect of this social media platform in Cameroon is the CONNECTYU (http://connectyu.com/) social media platform with thousands of users streaming from different areas and one striking difference is users do not just browse through or share pictures but make cowries(money in return). http://connectyu.com/
Cameroon has the longest-ruling non-royal national leader. President Paul Biya was elected as president of Cameroon in November 1982 and has been the president since then. As of November 2018, the people re-elected him as president where he will remain for another seven years. He changed the terms of the presidency from four years to seven years and wins every election.
Another amazing fact about Cameroon is, cash crops are cocoa, coffee, cotton, bananas, rubber, palm oil, and kernels, and peanuts are cultivated in Cameroon. The main food crops are plantains, cassava, corn, millet, and sugarcane. Palm oil production has shown signs of strength, but the product is not marketed internationally. Cassava is a cash crop and the majority of Cameroonians process this into water fufu and gari which is a Cameroonian delicacy eating with eru. Also, did you know Cameroon ranks among the world’s largest producers of cocoa beans, which are grown mainly in the south Robusta coffee, which accounts for the majority of the coffee crop, is grown both in the southern warm and humid parts of the country and in the western high plateau, where arabica coffee is also grown?!
Cameroon is home to more than 15 different meals that hail from its multi-cultural background. Cameroonian Meals the Whole World Should be Enjoying. One of the things Cameroon is blessed with is food! There is so much variety in dishes and so many ways to use main ingredients each ingridients but importantly each Cameroonianian delicacy tells the world the world of its multi-dimensional cultural heritage, if you have not tasted any, you might want to do so right away. Here are fifteen Cameroon meals in the whole world, including everyone, should be enjoying; Egusi Pudding, Koki Beans. Jollof Rice, Poulet DG, Fufu, Njama Njama, Khati Khati, Achu and Yellow Soup, Eru, Roasted Fish, Ndole, Kwacoco Bible, Cocoyams(taro) wrapped in leaves and steamed to perfection. Get the recipe here, Born House Planti, Cornchaff.
Tabi Anne Nk.